Legal Protection of Street Children in Indonesia: A Comprehensive Study of National and International Regulations

Authors

  • Muhammad Irayadi Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Hukum IBLAM
  • Handika Candra Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Hukum IBLAM
  • Muhammad Bayu Hermawan Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Hukum IBLAM
  • Nia Ayu Mayang Sari Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Hukum IBLAM

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37010/postulat.v2i1.1456

Keywords:

children's rights, street children, child protection, normative law, convention on children's rights

Abstract

Children are individuals with unique essence and honor, protected by various legal regulations. A number of regulations define "children" based on age and marital status. Internationally views the protection of children's rights through the 1979 Children's Declaration and the 1989 Convention on the Rights of the Child. In Indonesia, the constitution and laws have tried to protect children's rights. However, street children often experience different difficulties from other children, and have various reasons why they are on the streets. Street children also face various forms of violence, requiring special treatment. This research is qualitative based with a normative legal framework. Data was collected from documentation, interviews and observations. The aim of this research is to evaluate existing laws and their implementation. This research is dominated by a literature review, with primary and secondary data sources. Even though children in Indonesia have the right to receive welfare, street children are often seen as a burden. Many of them received bad treatment and were forced to work on the streets. The Convention on the Rights of the Child emphasizes four basic rights of children. Child protection is the responsibility of the state and society, guaranteed by the Child Protection Law no. 23 of 2002. Child protection involves various social and legal aspects that must be implemented comprehensively. The state must ensure children's rights to be protected from discrimination, receive care, have an identity, and many other rights.

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Published

2024-02-01
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