West Sumatra Seismicity Analysis using Space-Time-Depth-Magnitude


  • Adi Mulyono Universitas Indraprasta PGRI
  • Mufliha Dzahabiyyah Universitas Indraprasta PGRI
  • Ika Apriliana Putri Universitas Indraprasta PGRI
  • Wulan Anggraeni Universitas Indraprasta PGRI




seismic, gutenberg ritcher, fractal, haversine distance, stdm


West Sumatra is an earthquake-prone area because it is located on the India-Australia tectonic plate with the Eurasian plate, the Mentawai Fault System (MFS) and the Sumatra Fault System (SFS) or the Sumatran fault. Therefore, there is a need for seismic studies to describe seismic characteristics. The aim of this research is to obtain the characteristics of the West Sumatra earthquake through Space-Time-Depth-Magnitude. The research flow consists of 7 stages, namely, data mining, data preprocessing, calculating the b value in the Gutenberg Ritcher equation, fractals, haversine distance, STDM, interpretation of results. The data used is data on earthquake events for the period 2009 to 2023 sourced from the Meteorology, Geophysics and Climatology Agency (BMKG) by dividing it into 3 periods, namely period 1 on 30 September 2009 to 24 October 2010, period 2 on 25 October 2010 to 10 April 2012 , period 3 from 11 April 2012 to 24 April 2023. The results obtained are that a decrease in the STDM distance in a period indicates that the destructive earthquake that will occur will have a smaller strength than the previous earthquake, while an increase in the STDM indicates that the destructive earthquake that will occur will have a greater strength than previous damaging earthquakes. It is hoped that the research results can contribute to describing the seismic conditions of West Sumatra so that casualties can be anticipated.


B. Dahlia et al., “Relokasi Hiposenter Gempabumi Dengan Menggunakan Metode Double Difference Serta Implikasinya Terhadap Seismotektonik Di Wilayah Sumatera Barat,” J. Tek. Kebumian, vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 18–25, 2022.

B. Sunardi, “Analisa Fraktal Dan Rasio Slip Daerah Bali-Ntb Berdasarkan Pemetaan Variasi Parameter Tektonik,” J. Meteorol. dan Geofis., vol. 10, no. 1, 2009, doi: 10.31172/jmg.v10i1.33.

G. Beitr, “Frequency of earthquakes in California,” Nature, vol. 156, no. 3960, p. 371, 1945, doi: 10.1038/156371a0.

I. Zaliapin, “Clustering Analysis of Seismicity and Aftershock Identification,” Phisycal Rev. Lett., vol. 018501, no. July, pp. 4–7, 2008, doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.101.018501.

K. Aki, “A Probabilistic Synthesis of Precursory Phenomena Earthquake Prediction,” Am. Geophys. Union, vol. 4, pp. 566–574, 1981.

K. Ansari and T. S. Bae, “Clustering analysis of seismicity in the space–time–depth–magnitude domain preceding the 2016 Kumamoto earthquake, Southwestern Japan,” Int. J. Earth Sci., vol. 110, no. 1, pp. 253–261, 2021, doi: 10.1007/s00531-020-01950-5.

K. Srivastava, S. Rani, and D. Srinagesh, “A review of b-value imaging and fractal dimension studies in the Andaman Sumatra subduction,” Nat. Hazards, vol. 77, pp. S97–S107, 2015, doi: 10.1007/s11069-014-1143-2.

L. Telesca, V. Lapenna, and M. Macchiato, “Mono- and multi-fractal investigation of scaling properties in temporal patterns of seismic sequences,” Chaos, Solitons and Fractals, vol. 19, no. 1, pp. 1–15, 2004, doi: 10.1016/S0960-0779(03)00188-7.

M. Baiesi and M. Paczuski, “Scale-free networks of earthquakes and aftershocks,” Phys. Rev. E - Stat. Physics, Plasmas, Fluids, Relat. Interdiscip. Top., vol. 69, no. 6, p. 8, 2004, doi: 10.1103/PhysRevE.69.066106.

M. E. Winarto, “Buku Metodologi Penelitian,” Univ. Negeri Malang: UM Press. 2018.

N. Ozer and S. Ceylan, “Fractal properties and simulation of micro-seismicity for seismic hazard analysis: a comparison of North Anatolian and San Andreas Fault Zones,” Res. Geophys., vol. 2, no. 1, p. 1, 2012, doi: 10.4081/rg.2012.e1.

P. Tosi, “Seismogenic structure behaviour revealed by spatial clustering of seismicity in the Umbria-Marche Region (Central Italy),” Annals of Geophysics, vol. 41, no. 2. 2021. doi: 10.4401/ag-4331.

T. Kurniawan, R. Rasmid, R. Yogi, and W. Setyonegoro, “Tingkat Aktivitas Seismik dan Kerapuhan Batuan 19 Segmentasi di Bawah Daratan Sumatera,” Bul. Meteorol. Klimatologi dan Geofis. Balai Besar Wil. II BMKG, vol.6 no.3, pp. 5–13, 2016.

T. U. Puteri, I. K. Dewi, and L. Marlinda, “Penentuan Zonasi Bencana Tsunami di Kabupaten dan Kota Pesisir PRovinsi Sumatera Barat,” SPEJ, vol. 5, no. 2, 2022.

W. Anggraeni, S. Supian, and N. A. Halim, “Single Earthquake Bond Pricing Framework with Double Trigger Parameters Based on Multi Regional Seismic Information,” Mathematics, vol. 11, p. 689, 2023.



How to Cite

Mulyono, A., Dzahabiyyah, M., Putri, I. A., & Anggraeni, W. (2024). West Sumatra Seismicity Analysis using Space-Time-Depth-Magnitude. NUCLEUS, 5(1), 29–36. https://doi.org/10.37010/nuc.v5i1.1501



Abstract viewed = 56 times