Implementation of Reciprocal Teaching Method in Summarizing a Text Using Students' Own Words


  • Yasminar Amaerita Telaumbanua IKIP Gunungsitoli



reciprocal teaching method, reading, writing a good summary


The objective of the research was to improve the third semester students' ability of English department of IKIP Gunungsitoli which were unable to summarize a text to be a good summary correctly and to know how Reciprocal Teaching Method is conducted through teaching reading a text to the students (as a process) and continuously it produces a summary (as a result)..The third semester students were as the subject of the research. To achieve the objective of the research, the teacher-researcher applied Collaborative Classroom Action Research to search the students' ability with the total subject was 37 persons, Class C. The teacher-researcher uses four kinds of research instruments that were observation sheets, field notes, expected characters sheets, and evaluation sheet. Based on the research findings, it was seen in the research instruments which the students did activities as designed in the program of lecturing; the students practiced predicting, clarifying, questioning, and summarizing strategies; the students developed their positive characters; and the better/higher marks found in the second cycle than in the first cycle. The lowest mark and the highest mark in the first cycle were 0 and 65, while in the second cycle were 50 and 70. On the basis of the research findings above, the teacher-researcher found out that Reciprocal Teaching Method improves the third semester students ' ability in summarizing a text using their own words.


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How to Cite

Telaumbanua, Y. A. (2021). Implementation of Reciprocal Teaching Method in Summarizing a Text Using Students’ Own Words. INTELEKTIUM, 2(2), 128–136.
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