Analysis of Peace Coexistence Between Sunni and Shia in Sendangsari Hamlets Jepara District
Keywords:Sunni, Shia, Peace coexistence, Civic
This research is aim to explain the causes of peace coexistence between Sunni and Shia community in dusun Sendangsari, kabupaten Jepara. Type of research method that use are qualitative with snowball of chain sampling as the main technique to collecting data for analysis. There are three hyphothesis which researcher use to explain the causes of peace in this research, first is to observe how the structure of civic life between this two communities, second self policing as the mechanism to contain violence, and third how elite integration would contribute to explain the peace coexistence. The results show that the structure of civic life which cut the religion ethnic lines between two communities stand as important causes. There were 5 form of civic engagement as part of the finding in this research, and extent to mechanism of self policing that containing violence. Consensus on cultural and structural context that marked the elite integration, legitimize the peace behaviours between this two communites, and at the same time delegitimize the intolerance perception or behaviour that would affect the peace relationship between Sunni and Shia community. Also, this peace coexistence cannot be separated from the cognitive fact which stand as collective consciousness (norm) of the two communities, which are : Religion faith is part of individual rights, but public affairs are responsibilities of every individual who live in dusun Sendangsari.
Afdillah, M. (2012). Dari Masjid ke Panggung Politik: Studi Kasus Peran Pemuka Agama dan Politisi dalam Konflik Kekerasan Agama antara Komunitas Sunni dan Syiah di Sampang Jawa Timur. Tesis. Yogyakarta: Sekolah Pascasarjana Universitas Gadjah Mada.
Amaliyah, E. I. (2015). Harmoni di Banjaran: Interaksi Sunni dan Syiah. Jurnal Multikultural & Multireligius, 14 (2): 81-96.
Elisabeth, M. Z., dkk. (2009). Syiah Lokal: Studi Identitas dan Akomodasi Kultural Syiah di Jepara dan Pekalongan. Semarang: Lembaga Penelitian IAIN Walisongo.
Fearon, J. D. dan Laitin, D.D. (1996). Explaining Interethnic Cooperation. The American Political Science Review, 90(4): 715-735.
Miftakhudin, A. (2013). Toleransi Beragama antara Minoritas Syiah dan Mayoritas Nahdliyyin di Desa Margolinduk Bonang Demak. Skripsi. Semarang: Fakultas Ushuluddin IAIN.
Panggabean, R. & Fauzi, I. A., dkk. (2014). Pemolisian Konflik Keagamaan di Indonesia. Jakarta: Pusat Studi Agama dan Demokrasi (PUSAD).
Sahma. (2014). Konflik Sunni dan Syiah: Studi Kasus Tentang Pertikaian antara Penganut Paham Sunni dan Paham Syiah – YAPI Bangil di Kecamatan Bangil Kabupaten Pasuruan tahun 2007. Tesis. Surabaya: Universitas Islam Negeri Sunan Ampel.
Tadjoeddin, M. Z. (2004). Civil Society Engagement and Communal Violence: Reflection of Various Hypotheses in the Context of Indonesia. Politics Administration and Change, 42(1): 1-18.
Varshney, A. (2002). Ethnic Conflict and Civic Life: Hindus and Muslim in India, New York: Yale University Press.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2020 Andi Ahmad Rukka Haryadi
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
The copyright of the received article shall be assigned to the journal as the publisher of the journal. The intended copyright includes the right to publish the article in various forms (including reprints). The journal maintains the publishing rights to the published articles.
LITERATUS Journal is licensed under a Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License