The Pseudo Rivality of Political Elites in The Governor Election East Java Province in 2018


  • Muhammad Aditya Pradana Universitas Indonesia



elite rivalry, East Java Regional Head Election, Soekarwo, Khofifah Indar Parawansa


Rivalry and elite cooperation in Indonesia exist due to the existence of interests between groups of actors that intersect with each other in various aspects. That the elite always tries to create consensus through cooperation on the calculation of profits even though there is rivalry between the elites who intersect. This can be seen from the post-conflict local elections in East Java in 2008, 2013, and 2018. In the 2008 and 2013 East Java regional elections, Soekarwo became Khofifah's rival. However, in the 2018 East Java election, Soekarwo turned to support Khofifah and decided not to support his deputy for two periods, namely Saifullah Yusuf. This study wants to see the factors behind elite rivalry and cooperation, especially in the context of the 2018 East Java Regional Election. This research uses qualitative methods. In addition, this research also uses the theory of antagonistic cooperation, boundary control theory, party-led transition, and integration theory and elite circles. The results of this study show that there is a role for the national elite, in this context the DPP of the Democratic Party and the influence of President Joko Widodo in the transition of Soekarwo's support to Khofifah. In addition, this study also found that there was a relationship of interdependence between Seokarwo and Khofifah. Soekarwo hopes that what he is doing can be continued by Khofifah, while Khofifah depends on the full support of Soekarwo so that he can win in an area that he has never won before.


Download data is not yet available.


Adhim, F. F. (2019). Kinerja Muslimat NU Jawa Timur dalam Strategi Pemenangan Pasangan Khofifah Indar Parawansa dan Emil Elistianto Dardak pada Pemilihan Gubernur Jawa Timur Tahun 2018. Dalam Jurnal Universitas Airlangga.

Aminuddin, M. F. (2019). Khofifah dan Kepentingan Elite Nasional Pasca-Pilgub Jatim 2018.

Ardlyanto, A. (2018). Masa tenang beredar surat perjanjian Pakde Karwo, Gus Ipul dan kiai-kiai sepuh.

Aspinal, E. & Mietzner, M. (2019). Indonesia’s Democratic Paradox. Bulletin of Indonesian Economic Studies.

Baylis, T. A. (2012). Elite Consensus and Political Polarization: Cases from Central Europe. Historical Social Research , 90-106.

Best, H. (2010). Democratic Elitism, Comparative Perspectives. In J. H. Heinrich Best, Democratic Elitism: New Theoretical and Comparative Perspectives. Leiden: Koninklijke Brill NV.

Budianto, E. E. (2018). Pilgub Jatim 2018: Turun Gunung di Kampanye Khofifah-Emil, SBY Dorong Warga Dukung No 1.

Emmerson, D. K. (1999). Indonesia Beyond Soeharto. Jakarta: PT Gramedia Pustaka Utama

Feith, H. (2007). The Decline of Constitutional Democracy in Indonesia. Jakarta: Equinox Publising

Gibson, L. E. (2012). Boundary Control: Subnational Authoritarianism in federal Democracies. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Hadiz, V. R. (2003). Reorganizing political power in Indonesia: A reconsideration of so-called democratic transitions. The Pacific Review

Higley, J. & Burton, M. (2006). Elite Foundations of Liberal Democracy (Elite Transformations). Oxford: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.

Moore, G. (1979). The Structure of National Elite Network. America Sociological Review

Neumann, W. L. (2014). Social Research Method: Qualitative and Quantitative Approach. Edinburgh: Pearson Education Limited.

Ridhoi, M. A. (2018). Cerita di Balik Surat Dukungan Soekarwo untuk Gus Ipul dan Khofifah

Sunariyah. (2017). Saifullah Yusuf, Orang Dekat Gus Dur yang Jadi Cagub Pilihan PDIP.

Tomsa, D. (2018). Rezim Resilience and Presidential Politics in Indonesia. Contempory Politics Vol 24

Yulika, N. C. (2018). Azwar Anas Mundur Pilkada Jatim Karena Foto Paha Mulus?



How to Cite

Pradana, M. A. (2021). The Pseudo Rivality of Political Elites in The Governor Election East Java Province in 2018. LITERATUS, 3(1), 10–22.
Abstract viewed = 29 times